What is TOEFL?


Students from India need to take an English language test when applying overseas. TOEFL is the English language test most commonly used for the United States.

# 1 TOEFL stands for "Test of English as a Foreign Language".

# 2 This test was developed at the Center for Applied Linguistics under the guidance of Dr. Charles A. Ferguson who was an applied linguistics professor at Stanford University.

# 3 This test was developed to measure the English language proficiency of non English speakers who were planning to study at universities in countries like U.S and Australia.

# 4 The TOEFL test is the most widely respected English-language test in the world, recognized by more than 9,000 colleges, universities and agencies in more than 130 countries, including Australia, Canada, the U.K. and the United States.

# 5 Immigration departments use TOEFL scores to issue residential and work visas.

# 6 Medical and licensing agencies use TOEFL scores for professional certification purposes.

# 7 Individuals use TOEFL scores to measure their progress in learning English

# 8 TOEFL is a trademark of ETS (Educational Testing Service), a private non-profit organization, which designs and administers the tests.

# 9 The TOEFL test is conducted on fixed dates, more than 50 times a year.

# 10 The TOEFL scores are valid for two years.

# 11 This is a four-hour test which consists of four sections, each measuring one of the basic language skills.



Approximate time


3–5 passages, each containing 12–14 questions

60–100 minutes


6–9 passages, each containing 5–6 questions

60–90 minutes



10 minutes


6 tasks

20 minutes


2 tasks

50 minutes