Question:

Some Precautions with respect to Health and Insurance

Answer:

If you plan to study in the US, you would need to have taken the MMR (Measles Mumps Rubella) vaccination at least twice in your life. Given soon after birth, this vaccination must be repeated before you leave for the US. UK universities generally do not require applicants to have taken prior vaccinations, but check with your respective institute if any vaccinations are recommended. If you plan to study in Canada, Australia or New Zealand you may need to clear medical requirements before you are granted a student visa; this includes a chest X-ray and blood tests. It is advisable to have taken the MMR, Hepatitis B, Meningitis, Diphtheria, Tetanus vaccinations before departure. Remember to carry proof of the vaccinations and medical test results. 
    For US and Canada, you can buy health insurance from the university or from an independent insurance provider (if the university permits it). However, all international students in the US must have insurance cover. UK has one of the best insurance systems in the world and international students, whose courses are longer than six months, qualify to receive subsidised treatment and, hence, do not need to purchase any additional insurance. If you are studying in Scotland, you do not need to be enrolled in a course longer than six months to avail of the insurance benefits. Always check the national insurance websites in these countries to make sure that you are covered. When you apply for a student visa to Australia, one of the requirements is that you register for the Overseas Student Health Cover programme before you arrive in Australia. Universities in New Zealand require applicants to have a comprehensive travel and medical policy, which is generally purchased from the university. In rare circumstances, this policy can be bought from an external company and the university evaluates the external insurance policy. Medical treatment outside your home country is expensive, so make sure that you are covered under at least one insurance policy at any given time.